Symbols of the Republic of Macedonia
According to the Constitution of the Republic of Macedonia, Article 5 states: The state symbols of the Republic are: coat of arms, flag and anthem. The coat of arms, the flag and the anthem of the Republic are determined by law and are adopted by a two-thirds majority vote of the total number of Representatives.
Coat of Arms of the Republic of Macedonia
Coat of Arms of the Republic of Macedonia was adopted on 16 November 2009, with adoption of the Law of the Coat of Arms and flag of the Republic of Macedonia (Official Gazette No. 138 of November 17, 2009).
Actually, this is only the removal of the red five pointed star off the Arms on the People’s Republic of Macedonia from 1946.
Article 2 describes the Coat of Arms as follows:
(1) “The Coat of Arms of the Republic of Macedonia is a field surrounded with wheat sheafs that merge at the top, interwoven with poppy and tobacco leaves, connected at the bottom with a ribbon of a folk pattern”.
(2) “In the middle of the field is a mountain is outlined with a river at its foot, and sunrise behind it”.
A new, third arcitle is added, stating:
“The design of the Coat of Arms of the Republic of Macedonia is an integral part of this Law”.
Flag of the Republic of Macedonia
Flag of the Republic of Macedonia was established on October 5, 1995, by adopting the Law on the flag of the Republic of Macedonia (Official Gazette of the Republic. Macedonia No. 47/95 from October 6, 1995).
Former flag was repalced in accordance with the Interim Agreement, signed with Greece, with which Macedonia has agreed not to use the symbol of the 16 ray sun of Kutlesh (Star of Vergina).
Article 2 of that Law says:
Flag of the Republic of Macedonia is red with golden-yellow sun. Sun is with eight solar rays that extend from the solar disc extending to the edges of the flag. Sun’s rays intersect at diagonal, horizontal and vertical. The diameter of the solar disk is one-seventh of the length of the flag. The center of the sun coincides with the point at which the diagonals intersect the flag. The ratio of width and length of the flag is one to two.
Article 3 reads:
The graphic design of the flag of the Republic of Macedonia is an integral part of this law.
Anthem of the Republic of Macedonia
The anthem of the Republic of Macedonia was adopted on August 11, 1992. It is the same anthem of the Socialist Republic of Macedonia that has been used since the end of the Second World War. The text was written by Vlado Malevski at the end of 1941 and the note text by Todor Skalovski in 1943.
The text reads:
Today over Macedonia, is being born the new sun of liberty. The Macedonians fight, for their own rights! The Macedonians fight for their own rights! Now once again the flag flies (that) of the Krushevo Republic Goce Delchev, Pitu Guli, Dame Gruev, Sandanski! Goce Delchev, Pitu Guli Dame Gruev, Sandanski! The Macedonian forests sing new songs and news! Macedonia is liberated It lives in liberty! Macedonia is liberated It lives in liberty!